Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)Edit
- A sound mind in a sound body, is a short but full description of a happy state in this world.
- Sec. 1
- Thus parents, by humouring and cockering them when little, corrupt the principles of nature in their children, and wonder afterwards to taste the bitter waters, when they themselves have poison’d the fountain.
- Sec. 35
- Good and evil, reward and punishment, are the only motives to a rational creature: these are the spur and reins whereby all mankind are set on work, and guided.
- Sec. 54
- Virtue is harder to be got than knowledge of the world; and, if lost in a young man, is seldom recovered.
- Sec. 64
- He that will have his son have a respect for him and his orders, must himself have a great reverence for his son.
- Sec. 65
- The only fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
- Sec. 88
Two Treatises of Government (1689)Edit
- The imagination is always restless and suggests a variety of thoughts, and the will, reason being laid aside, is ready for every extravagant project; and in this State, he that goes farthest out of the way, is thought fittest to lead, and is sure of most followers: And when Fashion hath once Established, what Folly or craft began, Custom makes it Sacred, and 'twill be thought impudence or madness, to contradict or question it. He that will impartially survey the Nations of the World, will find so much of the Governments, Religion, and Manners brought in and continued amongst them by these means, that they will have but little Reverence for the Practices which are in use and credit amongst Men.
- First Treatise of Government
- If man in the state of nature be so free, as has been said; if he be absolute lord of his own person and possessions, equal to the greatest, and subject to no body, why will he part with his freedom?
- Second Treatise of Government, Ch. IX, sec. 123
- The end of Law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge Freedom.
- Second Treatise of Government, page 234, Of Civil Government
Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689)Edit
- New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common.
- Dedicatory epistle
- The actions of men are the best interpreters of their thoughts.
- Book I, Ch. 2, paragraph 3
- There cannot any one moral Rule be propos'd, whereof a Man may not justly demand a Reason.
- Book I, Ch. 3, sec. 4
- No man's knowledge here can go beyond his experience.
- Book II, Ch. 1, sec. 19
- Since sounds have no natural connection with our ideas ... the doubtfulness and uncertainty of their signification ... has its cause more in the ideas they stand for than in any incapacity there is in one sound more than another to signify any idea.
- Book III, Ch. 9, sec. 4
- He that uses his words loosely and unsteadily will either not be minded or not understood.
- Book III, Ch. 10, sec. 31
- I doubt not, but from self-evident Propositions, by necessary Consequences, as incontestable as those in Mathematics, the measures of right and wrong might be made out.
- Book IV, Ch. 3, sec. 18
- False and doubtful positions, relied upon as unquestionable maxims, keep those who build on them in the dark from truth. Such are usually the prejudices imbibed from education, party, reverence, fashion interest, et cetera.
- Book IV, Ch. 7
- It is one thing to show a man that he is in error, and another to put him in possession of the truth.
- Book IV, Ch. 7, sec. 11
- Religion, which should most distinguish us from the beasts, and ought most particularly elevate us, as rational creatures, above brutes, is that wherein men often appear most irrational, and more senseless than beasts.
- Book IV, Ch. 18
- All men are liable to error; and most men are, in many points, by passion or interest, under temptation to it.
- Book IV, Ch. 20, sec. 17
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