In 1623 Bacon expressed his aspirations and ideals in New Atlantis. Released in 1627, this was his creation of an ideal land where "generosity and enlightenment, dignity and splendor, piety and public spirit" were the commonly held qualities of the inhabitants of Bensalem(a mythical island, in the Pacific Ocean west of Peru). In this work, he portrayed a vision of the future of human discovery and knowledge.
In other words, He envisioned a land where there would be greater rights for women, the abolition of slavery(ending slavery), elimination of debtors' prisons(is a prison for those who are unable to pay a debt) , separation of church and state( which refers to the distance in the relationship between organized religion and the nation state , calm courteousness in human relations and careful attention to hygiene, paternalism and freedom of religious and political expression. Their basis is the maximum utilization of available resources of men, ideas, and materials under the paternalistic guidance of men whose intelligences are disciplined and whose sense of moral and social responsibility has been highly developed. In this book, he also raises the question of the link between knowledge and power. Knowledge gives people power over others.
As Bacon rather famously argued, "Knowledge is power." By knowing the laws of nature and the inner essence of the phenomena studied, human beings can remake things as they desire. All knowledge is for use, and the underlying motivation of science is technical control of nature. Bacon believed that science would ultimately progress to the point that the world itself would be, in effect, merely the raw material for whatever future ideal society human beings decided to create for themselves.
The possible features of this future world are sketched out in Bacon's unfinished utopia, The New Atlantis (1627). Here Bacon developed the view that the troubles of his time could be solved through the construction of a community governed by natural scientists and the notion that science and technology indeed could somehow redeem mankind. Empirical science would unlock the secrets of nature thus providing for technological advancement. With technological development would come material abundance and, implicitly, moral and political progress.
Bacon's utopia is ruled by a "Solomon's House"—a academy of scientists with virtually absolute power to decide which inventions, institutions, laws, practices, and so forth will be propitious for society. Society itself is dedicated to advancing the human mastery of nature: "The End of Our Foundation is the Knowledge of Causes and secret motions of things; and the enlarging of the bounds of the human empire, to the effecting of all things possible."
Bacon composed the New Atlantis in the vernacular so that it appealed to men of power and influence and to a still wider public of intelligent readers: he helped to focus their attention, their leisure time, and-their unattached hopes upon science.
A sample paragraph of New Atlantis :
"We have also engine-houses, where are prepared engines and instruments for all sorts of motions. There we imitate and practise to make swifter motions than any you have, either out of your muskets or any engine that you have; and to make them and multiply them more easily and with small force, by wheels and other means, and to make them stronger and more violent than yours are, exceeding your greatest cannons and basilisks." In this paragraph, Bacon imagined research and experimentation into light and, in this passage, appears to describe telescopy, microscopy and film. His description of the engine house is equally far-sighted. His descriptions of weapons of war raise questions about the complex relationships between technology, morality and politics.
let's take a look on the history of Utopia.... (will be writen the next few days)
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